218 Elements of literature Selection test database

By: Mr.mrtz

A Sound of Thunder. Ray Bradbury

On the line provided, write the letter of the best answer to each of the following items.

____ 1. Eckels travels with Time Safari because he wants to

a. be young again c. hunt dinosaurs

b. correct past mistakes d. learn if the time machine works

____ 2. At the beginning of the story, what event has just occurred?

a. Time travel has been outlawed.

b. Deutscher has been elected president.

c. Eckels has been offered a new job.

d. Keith has been elected president.

____ 3. The men who travel back in time are told they must

a. stay on the path laid by the safari company

b. not shoot at any animals with red paint on them

c. promise not to tell anyone of their adventure

d. maintain a strict diet a week before departure

____ 4. When Eckels sees the Tyrannosaurus, he

a. immediately opens fire

b. runs away in a blind panic

c. attacks the other hunters

d. changes his mind about the project he’s undertaken

____ 5. Travis is angry with Eckels because

a. he thinks Eckels is a pompous fool c. he and Eckels are childhood rivals

b. Eckels ran off the path d. Eckels attacked the other hunters

____ 6. One event that is affected by this trip into the past is the

a. Cold War c. public’s attitude toward time travel

b. cost of hunting licenses d. outcome of the presidential election

____ 7. Eckels stepping off the path causes

a. the dinosaur to stop his charge

b. the future to be irrevocably altered

c. the time machine to disappear

d. the men to be unable to return to their homes

____ 8. The climax of a story occurs when

a. a moral or practical lesson is revealed

b. there is a struggle between opposing characters

c. the outcome of the conflict is revealed

d. the story ends

____ 9. The climax of this selection occurs when

a. the reader learns the results of Eckels stepping off the path

b. the reader learns that Eckels kills a butterfly

c. the dinosaur runs toward the hunters

d. Travis sends Eckels out of the time machine

Poison. Roald Dahl

____ 10. How does the author first create a feeling of suspense?

a. He tells us that Harry is still awake at midnight.

b. We don’t know where the story is set.

c. We don’t know why Timber has been out so late at night.

d. Harry’s voice is strange when he first speaks to Timber.

____ 11. The plot of this story is based on the following situation:

a. A man discovers that his friend has malaria.

b. A man kills a snake in order to help his friend.

c. A man says that he has a poisonous snake on his stomach.

d. An Indian doctor risks his life to help a patient.

____ 12. The most likely reason there is no snake under the sheets is that

a. Harry just wants to get some attention

b. Harry has created an elaborate prank

c. the snake has crawled away

d. Harry mistook a caterpillar for a snake

____ 13. The strongest evidence the story gives that there could have been a snake on Harry’s stomach is that

a. kraits often go into houses and seek warm places

b. kraits are poisonous

c. a number of people are killed by kraits each year

d. kraits are usually found in villages

____ 14. Dr. Ganderbai decides to use chloroform because

a. he ran out of the antidote c. it will kill the krait

b. it will make Harry relax d. it will sedate the krait

____ 15. Dr. Ganderbai can be described as

a. an angry and irrational man

b. a calm and careful man

c. an unpredictable, emotional, and sensitive man

d. a meditative and religious man

____ 16. We can infer from Timber’s behavior and words that he

a. is excited by Harry’s behavior at the end of the story

b. is frightened by Harry’s behavior at the end of the story

c. is embarrassed by Harry’s behavior at the end of the story

d. enjoys Harry’s behavior at the end of the story

____ 17. A writer will use suspense in a story to

a. create believable characters

b. focus on one character’s point of view

c. reveal how the conflict is resolved

d. increase the reader’s curiosity and interest

____ 18. Why is the administration of the chloroform suspenseful?

a. It is suspenseful because Dr. Ganderbai explains that chloroform does not work well on coldblooded animals.

b. It is suspenseful because kraits sometimes quickly flee from chloroform.

c. It is suspenseful because Harry is allergic to chloroform and might sneeze.

d. It is suspenseful because Dr. Ganderbai does not have enough chloroform.

Thank You, M’am. Langston Hughes

____ 19. Why is Roger’s attempt to steal Mrs. Jones’s pocketbook thwarted?

a. Mrs. Jones trips him and pushes him down.

b. The police stop him after he has grabbed her pocketbook.

c. The combined weight of the purse and his body throws him off balance.

d. Mrs. Jones sees what he is about to do and talks him out of it.

____ 20. Which of the following statements about Mrs. Jones is true?

a. She is able to forgive Roger. c. She thinks Roger should earn money for shoes.

b. She wants Roger to be her son. d. She wants Roger to visit her often.

____ 21. Which of the following statements best describes how Mrs. Jones treats Roger when they are in her apartment?

a. She treats him as if he were a thief.

b. She treats him as she would her own son.

c. She treats him as if he were someone who owes her a favor.

d. She treats him as if he were a helpless puppy.

____ 22. Which of the following statements best describes the last event in the story?

a. Mrs. Jones and Roger eat dinner. c. Mrs. Jones holds Roger with a strong grip.

b. Roger offers to repay Mrs. Jones. d. Roger thanks Mrs. Jones.

____ 23. By the end of the story, readers probably conclude that Mrs. Jones trusts Roger. Which of the following events supports this conclusion?

a. Mrs. Jones tells Roger that he shouldn’t have snatched her purse.

b. Mrs. Jones turns her back on Roger while she cooks.

c. Mrs. Jones asks Roger if there is anyone at his house to wash his face.

d. Mrs. Jones asks Roger to go to the store.

____ 24. What details in the story best support the idea that Mrs. Jones is a caring and kind person?

a. She gives Roger motherly advice and cooks him a meal.

b. She calls the police and reports the theft.

c. She gives Roger a pair of blue suede shoes.

d. She tells him stories of her childhood.

____ 25. What does Mrs. Jones mean when she says that Roger could have made a request instead of stealing her pocketbook?

a. She would have preferred that he ask her name first.

b. She would have given her pocketbook to Roger if he had politely asked for it.

c. She would have preferred that Roger ask for money instead of attempting to steal it.

d. She would have wanted Roger to have a better family.

____ 26. What can we infer about Mrs. Jones’s character from details in the story?

a. She hates thieves. c. She had a privileged past.

b. She inherited a great deal of money. d. She had a difficult past.

____ 27. Why doesn’t Mrs. Jones ask Roger about his family or where he lives?

a. She already knows everything about him.

b. She does not want to make him feel uncomfortable.

c. She plans to follow him home.

d. She is a friend of his sister.

CHARACTER: Revealing Human Nature

____ 28. The process of making people come alive through written words is known as

a. fiction

b. characterization

c. conflict

d. storytelling

____ 29. Writers portray the personalities of characters

a. only through revealing the characters’ private thoughts

b. through plot complications

c. only if the plot is not important to the story

d. through a variety of methods

____ 30. Describing a character’s luxurious style of dress is an example of creating character through

a. sympathy

b. appearance

c. speech

d. imagery

____ 31. A character’s manner of speech

a. is relatively unimportant

b. reflects the author’s self-image

c. depicts modern life

d. helps reveal his or her nature

____ 32. Readers might understand a character’s secret dreams when the writer lets us listen to

a. the character’s private thoughts

b. the way the character speaks

c. the reactions of other characters

d. an argument with another character

____ 33. Portraying the feelings and reactions of other characters is

a. unimportant in developing strong characters

b. used primarily to provide plot twists

c. another way writers help readers understand a character

d. an example of direct characterization

____ 44. Why would an experienced writer sometimes provide only a few details of setting?

a. The writer wants the reader to focus on some other element of the story.

b. The writer knows the reader’s imagination can supply the rest of the scenery.

c. The writer probably hasn’t learned how to create effective settings.

d. Too many details may confuse the reader.

____ 35. To create characters, modern writers most often use

a. direct characterization

b. stock characters

c. indirect characterization

d. static characters

____ 36. Which of the following is an example of direct characterization?

a. The writer tells the reader that a character is very brave.

b. The writer reveals the secret entries of a character’s private diary.

c. A character uses big, fancy words when adults are around.

d. A character puts out food for a stray cat in the neighborhood.

____ 37. By using indirect characterization, a writer

a. is limited in the methods he or she can use

b. creates a flat, stereotypical character

c. shows, rather than tells, the reader what a character is like

d. prevents readers from interpreting characters for themselves

SETTING: Putting Us There

____ 38. One main purpose of the setting of a story is to

a. create suspense

b. provide conflict between the characters

c. provide a place for the characters to live and act

d. develop foreshadowing

____ 39. Which of the following elements is not part of setting?

a. a character’s nickname

b. the weather

c. the time period

d. the locale

____ 40. When a writer creates a good setting,

a. the characters become less important to the story

b. readers can almost feel that they are there

c. the story doesn’t need vivid details

d. readers don’t have to use their imaginations

____ 41. By describing the places where people live, setting

a. provides an escape for the characters

b. develops the action of the plot

c. suggests the story’s themes

d. can reveal a great deal about the characters

____ 42. The atmosphere or mood of a story

a. depends solely on the reader’s interpretation

b. is greatly influenced by its setting

c. is unrelated to the setting

d. should be obvious from the first sentence

____ 43. Writers create effective settings by

a. providing a list of details

b. creating memorable characters

c. using vivid images

d. avoiding details completely

____ 44. Why would an experienced writer sometimes provide only a few details of setting?

a. The writer wants the reader to focus on some other element of the story.

b. The writer knows the reader’s imagination can supply the rest of the scenery.

c. The writer probably hasn’t learned how to create effective settings.

d. Too many details may confuse the reader.

____ 45. The type of imagery a writer uses is determined by

a. the length of the story

b. the reader’s experiences

c. the writer’s educational background

d. the atmosphere the writer wants to create

____ 46. Which of the following images would create a scary atmosphere?

a. a creaky door opening

b. a bird chirping in the early morning

c. the warm aroma of baking bread

d. moonlight glistening on the water

____ 47. Which of the following images would create a romantic atmosphere?

a. a squeaky violin

b. the smell of burnt toast

c. two swans on a lake

d. wilting flowers in a vase

IRONY: Twists and Surprises

____ 48. Irony is built upon the basic element of

a. suspense

b. comedy

c. surprise

d. conflict

____ 49. Irony comes from a Greek word that means

a. to be surprised

b. reversing expectations

c. a withholding of knowledge

d. to define something else

____ 50. When a character says one thing but means something else, the character is using

a. situational irony

b. verbal irony

c. dramatic irony

d. comic irony

____ 51. A mighty wizard who turns out to be a con man is an example of

a. situational irony

b. verbal irony

c. dramatic irony

d. simple irony

____ 52. Dramatic irony occurs when

a. characters know something that the reader or viewer does not

b. characters do something unexpected

c. a situation turns out tragically

d. the reader or viewer knows something the characters do not

____ 53. What type of irony is presented in “Little Red Riding Hood” when the wolf disguises himself as Little Red Riding Hood’s grandmother?

a. situational irony

b. verbal irony

c. dramatic irony

d. critical thinking

____ 54. Which of the following is most characteristic of situational irony?

a. A situation turns out to be exactly what we expect.

b. A situation turns out to be the opposite of what we expect.

c. A situation has to be explained with dialogue alone.

d. A situation occurs in which the characters reveal their motives.

____ 55. Which of the following is an example of verbal irony?

a. A soldier’s enemy turns out to be his brother.

b. A plainclothes officer is mugged.

c. The fastest runner on the track team is nicknamed “Turtle Legs.”

d. In a stage presentation, the audience learns that the hero’s drink is laced with poison.

____56. Situational irony occurs when

a. a person says one thing but means something else

b. there is a contrast between what would seem appropriate and what really happens

c. the reader or audience has knowledge that the characters do not

d. there is a tragic ending

____ 57. Which of the following does not describe the role of irony in fiction?

a. It is only used to portray sad situations, not funny ones.

b. It keeps the reader interested through the use of surprise.

c. It can provoke strong emotions in the reader.

d. It can effectively portray what real life is often like.

POINT OF VIEW: Who’s Talking?

____ 58. The term point of view refers to the way the writer has chosen to

a. create conflict

b. present dialogue

c. express an opinion

d. tell a story

____ 59. The word omniscient means

a. all-powerful

b. all-knowing

c. everywhere

d. universal

____ 60. Which of the following items is not true of the omniscient narrator?

a. He or she zooms in on just one character.

b. He or she is not a character in the story.

c. He or she never refers to himself or herself with the pronoun I.

d. He or she is able to tell us everything about every character.

____ 61. The first-person narrator must

a. be someone who knows the other characters well

b. tell the story objectively

c. be a character in the story

d. know the thoughts and feelings of every character

____ 62. With a first-person narrator, the reader

a. is more detached from the action of the story

b. can predict the outcome of the story

c. can see into the minds and thoughts of everyone but the narrator

d. knows only what the narrator knows about characters and events

____ 63. In the third-person limited point of view, the narrator

a. describes the innermost feelings of every character

b. analyzes the past, present, and future

c. focuses on the thoughts and emotions of one character

d. relates the entire story in flashback

____ 64. From which point of view are the following paragraphs written?

A young woman just moved into an apartment. She thought it was a nice neighborhood and became delighted when she heard a saxophone. She could not believe her luck—she, too, played the sax. She bolted down the stairs to find the musician.

“What a lovely song,” she said. She knew at once that he would be her partner for life. She told him how she too played the saxophone and loved jazz. Minutes passed, but she could not keep her mouth shut. Why? It was spring, she had just moved into a new place, and she was in love.

a. omniscient point of view

b. first-person point of view

c. third-person limited point of view

d. second-person point of view

____ 65. Which of the following statements is written from the first-person point of view?

a. I was hoping to earn enough money to pay rent.

b. The saxophonist is a wonderful musician.

c. The police arrive and find a barking dog.

d. The woman believes she has found a friend, although the man who called the

police feels differently.

____ 66. The narrator and the writer

a. are always the same

b. are not necessarily the same

c. are never the same

d. present different points of view in each story

____ 67. The decision a writer makes about a story’s narrator and point of view

a. can be made after the story is written

b. has little impact on how the story is written

c. requires years of expertise

d. makes an important difference to a story

The Gift of the Magi. O.Henry these are not the questions for 2ndmp MRTZTWO

____ 68. Della’s decision to sell her hair is provoked by

a. her own financial desperation

b. Mme. Sofronie’s repeated telephone calls

c. a casual remark that Jim makes about her hair

d. a picture in a magazine

____ 69. Before her hair is cut, Della

a. is excited and has no regrets

b. attempts to borrow money from her mother

c. experiences a moment of regret and hesitation

d. asks the landlord if he will accept a late rent check

____ 70. Jim’s expression upon seeing Della’s cut hair implies that he

a. is angry with her because she cut her hair

b. is thinking about his present for her

c. cannot see clearly without his glasses

d. wants the money from the sale of her hair

____ 71. Jim’s suggestion that he and Della put away the Christmas presents shows that he is

a. loving and practical c. tired of presents

b. unsentimental and cruel d. unforgiving and resentful

____ 72. The situation that best illustrates the Youngs’ financial state is

a. the gifts Jim and Della buy for each other

b. Della’s dealings with the grocer and the butcher

c. the kind of city in which they live

d. the couple’s evening greetings to each other

____73. Which of the following general statements describes the quality of Jim and Della’s relationship?

a. It is desperate and depressing.

b. It is based only on physical attraction.

c. It is full of lies and humiliation.

d. It is based on devotion and caring.

____ 74. Based on the mutual sacrifices in the story, which of the following generalizations can be made?

a. Love fades quickly in a relationship.

b. Actions can reveal love as strongly as gifts.

c. To receive love, sacrifices must be made.

d. Love is displayed through material objects.

____ 75. Which of the following items refers to an ironic situation in the story?

a. Della has only one dollar and eighty-seven cents.

b. The Youngs have a lower weekly income than they used to have.

c. Della does not need combs for her short hair.

d. Jim arrives home on time, despite heavy traffic.

____ 76. Which of the following items is an example of situational irony?

a. Della loses every penny that she has.

b. Jim has no use for a new watch chain.

c. Jim and Della have no money with which they can pay their rent.

d. Christmas comes only once each year.

The Necklace. Guy De Maupassant

____ 77. Mathilde is envious of the social class and wealth of others because

a. she has never enjoyed either position or wealth

b. she was born rich and wants more wealth

c. her husband is very demanding

d. her former classmate encourages her

____ 78. Which one of the following reasons most probably explains why the Loisels do not tell Mme. Forestier that the necklace is lost?

a. They fear financial ruin and poverty.

b. They do not care what anyone thinks about them.

c. The minister advises M. Loisel not to tell the truth.

d. They are ashamed to admit their carelessness.

____ 79. Mathilde seems happiest when

a. she receives the invitation to the reception

b. she attends and dances at the reception

c. her husband gives her money to buy a new dress

d. Mme. Forestier lets her borrow the necklace

____ 80. Mme. Forestier responds to Mathilde’s final revelation with

a. cruel mockery c. amazement

b. compassion and generosity d. a scream of terror

____ 81. At the end of the story, it is clear that

a. the Loisels have suffered needlessly

b. Mme. Forestier has two diamond necklaces

c. the Loisels soon will become wealthy

d. Mme. Forestier will help the Loisels

____ 82. Which of the following statements is the best summary statement of “The Necklace”?

a. A woman who wants to make an impression goes to a dance.

b. An expensive necklace is lost and needs to be replaced.

c. In the pursuit of recognition, a woman is driven to a life of poverty.

d. A woman buys an expensive dress and borrows a necklace.

____ 83. Which of the following objects would have to be included in a summary of

“The Necklace”?

a. a rifle c. a necklace made of paste

b. Oriental tapestries d. an expensive fur

____ 84. The story’s third-person limited point of view allows the reader to know

a. what Mme. Forestier thinks about Mathilde

b. about the details of M. Loisel’s clerk position

c. why Mathilde is unhappy with her life

d. what each character thinks of Mathilde

____ 85. The third-person limited point of view focuses on the feelings and thoughts of

a. all the characters c. two objective characters

b. one of the characters d. the main characters

Helen on Eighty-sixth Street. Wendi Kaufman

____86. Why is Vita upset with Helen McGuire?

a. Helen teases Vita every day at school.

b. Helen has been chosen to play Helen of Troy, a part which Vita wanted.

c. Helen stole Vita’s boyfriend.

d. Helen copied Vita’s homework.

____ 87. How long has Vita’s father been gone?

a. three days c. three months

b. three weeks d. three years

____88. Helen of Troy was reputed to be

a. the most beautiful woman in Greece

b. the most unhappy woman in Asia Minor

c. the most beautiful woman on earth

d. the most vindictive woman in Greece

____89. Vita burns the letters she has been writing to her father

a. in a fit of anger

b. as an offering, in order to bring good luck

c. because she believes if her mother ever finds the letters, she will be very upset

d. because she thinks they are not eloquent enough

____ 90. Vita wishes that

a. her father would return, she could play the part of Helen, and that Old Farfel

would leave

b. her father would send her some letters

c. her mother would marry Old Farfel

d. she and her mother could move into a new apartment and get a new dog

____ 91. The Trojan War was fought because

a. the Greeks wanted to bring Helen home from Troy

b. the Trojans wanted to assert their independence

c. the Greeks had a long-running feud with the Trojans

d. the Trojans were upset by the gift of the wooden horse

____ 92. Why are Vita’s parakeets both named John?

a. Vita and her mother are not very creative.

b. T h e y ’ re named after the poet John Keats; it’s a play on words (pair of Keats: p a r a k e e t s ) .

c. The birds are named after Vita’s father.

d. “John” is Vita’s favorite name.

____ 93. When Vita delivers her last line in the play, she is

a. trying to upset her teacher by defying his direction

b. looking into the audience to find her mother

c. saying good-bye to her father

d. hoping to be recognized as a talented actor

____ 94. When Vita’s mother tells Vita it’s better to follow your head than your heart, she is

a. speaking from experience after having been hurt following her heart

b. demonstrating her bitterness

c. trying to make Vita laugh

d. trying to explain her relationship with Old Farfel

THEME: What Does It Mean?

____ 95. The subject, or topic, of a story

a. is implied

b. can be stated in one or two words

c. is the mood the writer wishes to reveal

d. is always stated in the introduction

____ 96. The central idea of a story is called its

a. theme

b. subject

c. purpose

d. conflict

____ 97. The theme of a story

a. announces the topic in one or two words

b. is stated directly in the story

c. provides entertainment only

d. makes some revelation about the subject

____ 98. The theme often reveals

a. a character’s motives

b. hints about a story’s outcome

c. a truth about human behavior

d. the strength of a story’s plot

____ 99. How does an essayist differ from a fiction writer when it comes to theme?

a. The essayist does not have a theme, but the fiction writer does.

b. The essayist often states the theme directly, but the fiction writer does not.

c. The essayist does not state the theme directly, but the fiction writer does.

d. The essayist and the fiction writer choose different topics.

____ 100. Fiction writers often present their main ideas through

a. direct statements

b. persuasion

c. the actions of their characters

d. informal writing

____ 101. What can make a theme such a powerful element in fiction?

a. It creates suspense that keeps the reader interested.

b. It follows a specific formula.

c. It is stated clearly to avoid misinterpretation.

d. It helps the reader see a truth about life and human beings.

____ 102. In previous eras the theme in fiction was often used to teach

a. morality

b. politics

c. religion

d. philosophy

____ 103. Thinking critically about the theme of a story means

a. ignoring the weaknesses of the story

b. rejecting the theme and the story

c. avoiding fiction based on a formula

d. analyzing the writer’s views to see if they are valid

____ 104. “Formula” or “slick” fiction is weak because of its

a. lack of depth

b. controversial subject matter

c. unpredictable events

d. unhappy endings

Choice: A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Alice Walker

____105. Which word best describes CharlayneHunter-Gault as she reveals herself in this passage?

a. attractive

b. determined

c. artistic

d. brilliant

____ 106. Walker’s essay pays tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., by

a. explaining his beliefs

b. discussing how he changed people’s lives

c. listing the facts about his death

d. expressing Walker’s bitterness about racism

____ 107. Even though many of her ancestors are buried in Georgia,Walker feels that the land

was not really theirs because they

a. originally came from elsewhere

b. did not love the land

c. were not truly allowed to own land

d. did not work the land

____ 108. According to Walker, many black Southerners treasure their memories because

a. their homeland was always being taken away from them

b. the past was better

c. they used to own land

d. the future looks so bleak

____ 109. Walker is bitter in the early sixties because she realizes that

a. Dr. King’s ideas never were put into action

b. to continue loving her homeland, she has to abandon it

c. her parents will not escape poverty

d. her mother’s new television set does not work

____ 110. Dr. King thought little of receiving prizes, just as he thought little of being arrested, because he

a. was more concerned about the disinherited

b. had experienced both so many times that he no longer cared

c. knew he would eventually be famous

d. felt sure that everything would work out for the best

____ 111. What is the best statement of this selection’s main idea?

a. Dr. King fought valiantly to the day he died.

b. Dr. King restored “home” to the dispossessed.

c. Dr. King had a clear conscience.

d. Dr. King gave moving sermons.

____ 112. Which of the following details best supports Walker’s main idea?

a. the description of her great-great-grandmother’s grave

b. the background of her father’s inheritance from her grandfather

c. the description of witnessing Dr. King’s arrest on television

d. the details concerning the municipal libraries and their collections

____ 113. In most instances, the main idea of a written work is

a. suggested or implied

b. in its first paragraph

c. stated directly

d. in its concluding sentence


____ 114. A biography is

a. the written story of a life

b. the written story of the writer’s own life

c. a fictionalized tale about a writer

d. a study of a famous literary character

____ 115. Biographies are based on

a. rumor

b. fiction

c. imagination

d. study and research

____ 116. One of the most important characteristics of a reliable biography is its

a. subjectivity

b. emotion

c. objectivity

d. distortion

____ 117. Unlike writers of biographies, the author of an autobiography will often

a. emphasize recorded facts

b. reveal personal and internal experiences

c. write after intensive research

d. include unbiased accounts

____118. Subjectivity, or writing that reveals feelings and judgments, is usually found in

a. newspaper articles

b. an autobiography

c. historical essays

d. background research

The Best Gift of My Life. Cynthia Rylant

____ 119. When she was a teenager, Rylant’s idea of heaven was a

a. small apartment with linoleum floors

b. good-sized apartment with modern appliances

c. new brick house with carpeting and a picture window

d. high school gym with waxed wooden floors

____ 120. The main reason Rylant is ashamed of her home is that

a. it doesn’t smell like chocolate-covered marshmallow cookies

b. she thinks other people will judge her by where she lives

c. it has yellow drapes

d. she envies her friend Christy’s family

____ 121. The orchestra’s performance has a great effect on Rylant because

a. it represents what she does not have

b. the music bounces off the gymnasium’s walls

c. it is held in such a small town

d. she wants to become a famous composer

____ 122. The view from the front window of Rylant’s apartment is

a. of a park and a museum

b. so beautiful that it inspires her to write poetry

c. of an ugly warehouse and junkyard

d. blocked by an office building

____ 123. What does Rylant consider the “best gift” of her life?

a. the gas heaters that kept her warm every winter

b. the special attention of the New Orleans Symphony’s conductor

c. her childhood desire to be someone else

d. her ambition to be a famous composer

____ 124. The author compares and contrasts her house with Christy’s house in order to express her

a. yearning to play in the orchestra with Christy

b. desire for things she did not have

c. desire to travel and see other homes like her own

d. feeling that what she already had was perfect

____125. The contrast between the author’s house and Christy’s house is illustrated by the fact that

a. the roof of Christy’s house is slanted toward the ground

b. Christy’s house has a picture window

c. Christy’s house has new carpeting

d. the kitchen in Christy’s house has been completely renovated

____ 126. Which of the following lines is the best example of subjective writing?

a. “She lived in a new brick house with carpeting in it and a bar in the kitchen. . . .”

b. “It was a long metal building enclosed by a high chain-link fence. . . .”

c. “I wouldn’t even go to the library in the nearby city because I felt so unequal

to city kids.”

d. “I read a lot of magazines. . . .”

____ 127. Which of the following is the best description of objective writing?

a. It focuses on nonliving objects.

b. It concentrates on facts and does not include personal opinions and feelings.

c. It is used by newspaper reporters to express thoughts about controversial issues.

d. It reveals the writer’s feelings, opinions, or biases.

ESSAYS: Thoughts About a Subject

____ 128. The word essays comes from the French word, essais, which means

a. prayers

b. tries or attempts

c. ideas or thoughts

d. easy

____ 129. An essay is a

a. short piece of fiction

b. long piece of fiction

c. short piece of nonfiction

d. long piece of nonfiction

____ 130. Essays like those of Michel de Montaigne, in which the writer expresses his or her feelings about the subject, are

a. historical essays

b. persuasive essays

c. formal essays

d. personal essays

____ 131. A personal essay presents not only the subject but also

a. a persuasive argument

b. the writer’s personality

c. a detailed history of the subject

d. figurative language

____ 132. The general tone of personal essays is

a. conversational

b. formal

c. moralistic

d. scholarly


____ 133. All of the following can be purposes for nonfiction writing except

a. to stir an emotion

b. to relate an imagined event

c. to inform about events

d. to persuade the reader

____ 134. Exposition is writing that

a. explains or informs

b. creates a mood

c. tells about a series of events

d. convinces the reader to believe or to do something

____ 135. Description relies heavily on

a. chronological order

b. logical argument

c. persuasive language

d. sensory images

____ 136. Narration seeks to answer the question

a. What is it?

b. What does it look, sound, smell, feel, or taste like?

c. What happened?

d. What should I feel or do about it?

____ 137. Persuasive writing relies on

a. images

b. evidence

c. misinformation

d. order

____138. Fallacies are errors in

a. emotional appeals

b. organizational structure

c. logical thinking

d. choice of details

____ 139. Which of the following is not a type of fallacy?

a. statistical evidence

b. attacking an opponent

c. circular reasoning

d. hasty generalization

____ 140. In a persuasive essay, emotional appeals

a. should form the main focus of the essay

b. provide the reader with reasons and evidence

c. should not be a substitute for the logical argument

d. are rarely effective and should be avoided

____ 141. A famous athlete’s endorsement of a certain product is an example of a

a. fallacy

b. testimonial

c. bandwagon appeal

d. false cause and effect

____ 142. Fallacies and emotional appeals often purposely appear in

a. technical reports

b. newspaper articles

c. informal essays

d. political messages

IMAGERY: Seeing Things Freshly

____ 143. Imagery contributes to a poem’s

a. rhythm

b. meter

c. structure

d. forcefulness

____ 144. An image is a word or phrase that

a. is found only in poetry

b. appeals to one of the senses

c. is part of the rhyme scheme

d. creates ironic twists

____ 145. Poetic images help readers to

a. think logically

b. understand history

c. read carefully

d. see things freshly

____ 146. An image of an empty house with broken windows and rotting wood creates a feeling of

a. power

b. boredom

c. loneliness

d. enthusiasm

____ 147. An image of icy wind appeals to our sense of

a. sight

b. touch

c. smell

d. taste

____ 148. The imagery that poets create

a. follows a formula that all poets use

b. is secondary to the subject of the poem

c. doesn’t touch the reader’s feelings in significant ways

d. is individual and part of the poet’s personal style

____ 149. A poet who lives in the country

a. will not like poetry about the city

b. will not write sophisticated poetry

c. will probably create images drawn from country life

d. has few opportunities to create strong imagery

____150. When an image is fresh and powerful, it

a. helps create a strong plot

b. creates an emotional reaction

c. detracts from the rest of the poem

d. serves as the poem’s theme

____ 151. The image of a boat floating in the mist of a lake

a. probably makes the reader feel lost and alone

b. helps the reader feel the hot, burning sun

c. emphasizes the joy of sailing

d. shows the strength of the boat’s crew

____ 152. According to Stephen Minot, one of a poet’s responsibilities is to

a. create memorable rhymes

b. live in total isolation

c. examine what others usually don’t notice

d. look deep inside to discover the truth within the human soul

Haiku Miura Chora, Chiyo, Matsuo

Basho¯, Kobayashi Issa Pupil’s Edition page 499

Fog Carl Sandburg Pupil’s Edition page 502

in Just- E. E. Cummings Pupil’s Edition page 504

____ 153. In the four haiku all the images come from

a. natural events

b. the poets’ own actions

c. the wonders of city life

d. water and mountains

____ 154. Sandburg uses a metaphor in “Fog” to describe

a. the movements of a cat on a gray day

b. the way day becomes night in foggy weather

c. how fog clings to everything in its path

d. the soft fog descending on a city

____155. In “in Just-” E. E. Cummings creates fresh images by

a. using unusual punctuation

b. combining words

c. arranging words in unusual ways

d. mentioning a Greek god

____ 156. Throughout “in Just-” the balloonman

a. blows up balloons

b. plays marbles

c. whistles

d. sings

____ 157. A haiku allows the reader to

a. share a lifetime of experiences

b. share a special moment

c. focus on surface details

d. understand Japanese history

____ 158. Which of the following statements does not describe Japanese haiku?

a. It presents only extraordinary images.

b. It presents a moment of discovery or enlightenment.

c. It usually contains a seasonal word or symbol.

d. It has seventeen syllables in three lines.

____ 159. An extended image is

a. a brief flash of insight

b. a description of an animal

c. an image developed over several lines

d. a seasonal image

____ 160. A cliché is

a. lively language

b. another term for an extended image

c. a new way of interpreting an idea

d. a worn-out phrase

FIGURES OF SPEECH: Seeing Connections

____ 161. Which of the following does not describe a figure of speech?

a. an expression that is always based on a comparison

b. an expression that is not literally true

c. an expression that is not used in everyday language

d. an expression that can be a kind of shorthand to communicate ideas

____ 162. Technology has its own figures of speech, such as

a. computer, monitor

b. menu, virus, window

c. program, hardware, programmer

d. diskette, megabytes, hard drive

____ 163. The form of figurative language that uses like, as, than, or resembles to compare two dissimilar things is

a. a simile

b. a direct metaphor

c. an implied metaphor

d. personification

____ 164. Unlike a simile, a metaphor

a. makes a comparison between two unlike things

b. doesn’t use the connectives like, as, than, or resembles

c. gives life and feelings to an inanimate object

d. isn’t used in everyday language

____ 165. A direct metaphor uses

a. a connective such as like, as, than, or resembles

b. an implication or suggestion

c. ancient sayings

d. a verb such as is

____ 166. In an implied metaphor, the comparison is

a. made through the use of a verb such as is

b. not very flexible or suggestive

c. suggested rather than stated directly

d. made by the insertion of colorful adjectives

____ 167. Personification is a kind of metaphor in which

a. human qualities are given to something that is not human

b. the two things being compared remain separate

c. connectives such as like or as are used

d. the comparison is literally true

____ 168. “The principal is a rock” is an example of

a. a simile

b. a direct metaphor

c. an implied metaphor

d. personification

____ 169. “My bed is as soft as a cloud” is an example of

a. a simile

b. a direct metaphor

c. an implied metaphor

d. personification

____ 170. “The storm clouds wept angry tears” is an example of

a. a simile

b. a direct metaphor

c. an implied metaphor

d. personification

____171. Onomatopoeia comes from the Greek language and literally means

a. rhyme scheme

b. internal sounds

c. repetition of sounds

d. the making of words

____ 172. Onomatopoeia is the use of a word

a. in which a consonant sound is repeated

b. that does not come naturally to us

c. that sounds like what it means

d. found only in poetry

____ 173. The repetition of the same consonant sound in several words is

a. imitation

b. alliteration

c. onomatopoeia

d. approximate rhyme

____ 174. “Peter picked a peck of pickled peppers” is an example of

a. onomatopoeia

b. end rhyme

c. alliteration

d. approximate rhyme

TONE: It’s an Attitude

____ 175. The tone of a poem is

a. directly stated by the writer

b. not important to grasp

c. suggested rather than stated

d. impossible to know

____ 176. In ordinary speech, people use their voices and gestures to indicate

a. emphasis

b. symbolism

c. diction

d. contrast

____ 177. Tone is an expression of the speaker’s

a. talent

b. attitude

c. philosophy

d. vocabulary

____178. One effective way to discover the tone of a poem is to examine the poem’s

a. alliteration

b. subject

c. theme

d. diction

____ 179. Describing a puppy as playful rather than snappish suggests a tone that is

a. sarcastic

b. negative

c. positive

d. angry

____ 180. A poet’s diction consists of his or her choice of

a. rhyme scheme

b. words

c. subject

d. attitude

____ 181. The rhythms and rhymes of a poem

a. do not convey the poet’s tone

b. are usually lively and fast

c. can also reveal the poet’s tone

d. are used only in light, humorous ways

____ 182. A slow-moving and stately poem usually indicates a tone that is

a. teasing

b. serious

c. lighthearted

d. mocking

____ 183. Describing an obviously polluted lake as brilliantly sparkling reveals a tone that is probably

a. serious

b. admiring

c. sarcastic

d. approving

____ 184. Understanding a poet’s tone is important because it helps us to understand the poem’s

a. imagery

b. meaning

c. language

d. structure



On the line provided, write the letter of the best answer to each of the following items. (35 points. 5 points each)

____ 1. Biographies are based on __________.

a. rumor

b. fiction

c. imagination

d. study and research

_____2. Why is “Annie” a biography rather than an autobiography?

a. Because it is an account of a person’s life.

b. Because it is written in third person point of view.

c. Because, it is written by other person.

d. All of the above.

_____3. Joseph Lash, the author uses subjective writing when he__________.

a. says that Annie suffers of trachoma syndrome

b. says that Jimmie was taken to the men’s ward

c. says that both Annie and Jimmie were taken in a Black Maria

d. says that Annie’s father was shiftless.

_____4. A biography is __________.

a. the written story of a life

b. the written story of the writer’s own life

c. a fictionalized tale about a writer

d. a study of a famous literary character

____ 5. One of the most important characteristics of a reliable biography is its__________.

a. subjectivity

b. emotion

c. objectivity

d. imaginary

____ 6. Unlike writers of biographies, the authors of an autobiography will often __________.

a. emphasize recorded facts

b. reveal personal and internal experiences

c. write after intensive research

d. include unbiased accounts

____7. Subjectivity, or writing that reveals feelings and judgments, is usually found in __________.

a. newspaper articles

b. an autobiography

c. historical essays

d. background research


On the line provided, write the letter of the best answer to each of the following items. (25 points. 5 points each)

­­­­_____1. The expression “She would be so pretty if it were not for her eyes” means __________.

a. Helen does not have beautiful eyes

b. Helen needs to visit her eye doctor

c. Helen suffers of trachoma syndrome

d. a woman needs to wash Helen´s eyes with geranium water

_____2.  According to the selection the expression “The death house claimed Jimmie” means __________.

a. Jimmie died

b. Jimmie was asked

c. The death house needs Jimmie`s help

d. Annie questioned Jimmie

_____3. In the sentence “There was no money for the funeral, and the town helped to defray the expenses” defray means __________.

a. there was nothing to do

b. the town buried her

c. the town paid the costs

d. a lot of town people attended the burial

_____4. The intention of the author is __________.

a. to show how difficult Annie`s life was

b. to show what blind people can do

c. to inform the reader about Annie`s life

d. to suggest the reader to appreciate his/her own life

_____5.The sentence “Death was a common occurrence in Tewksbury” implies that __________.

a. Helen has a mental disability

b. Helen hears the clatter of the clots in the dead house

c. The dead house also claimed Helen’s brother, Jimmie

d. Helen crept to the dead room and felt the cold under the sheets.






The Miracle Worker: Act One

____ 185. Helen’s action of putting her fingers into others’ mouths is symbolic of her

a. growing appetite c. desire to communicate

b. need for attention d. wanting to play with the children

____ 186. Why does Captain Keller finally agree to contact Dr. Chisholm?

a. Helen almost digs out Martha’s eyes with a pair of scissors.

b. Helen knows that the doll is missing its eyes.

c. James states that Helen must be put in an asylum.

d. Helen overturns the cradle with Mildred in it.

____ 187. The basic dramatic question the Kellers must face is whether

a. Helen has a mental disability

b. Helen needs more discipline

c. the family should put Helen in an institution

d. the Captain will write to an eye doctor

____ 188. From Annie’s first appearance on stage, her character comes across as

a. girlish and lighthearted c. strong-willed and determined

b. knowledgeable but immature d. irritable but sensitive

____ 189. When Annie shuts the door in James’s face, it is a symbolic action that shows she is

a. gentle and shy c. cruel and selfish

b. determined and independent d. cynical and sarcastic

____190. All of the following are antagonists in Act One except

a. Captain Keller c. Kate Keller

b. Helen d. James Keller

____ 191. In Act One, the protagonist is

a. James c. Captain Keller

b. Helen d. Annie

____ 192. Annie begins to realize the intense conflict that lies ahead with her pupil

a. when Annie steps off the train c. after meeting Captain Keller

b. after Helen strikes Annie d. when James laughs at Annie

The Miracle Worker: Act Two

____ 193. Annie’s strongest motivation for helping Helen is

a. the fact that other teachers helped her

b. her belief that Helen wants to learn

c. her desire to prove that she is a good teacher

d. her need to show the Kellers that she is right and they are wrong

____ 194. What does the breakfast scene tell us about Annie?

a. She is determined to enforce some discipline on Helen.

b. She is shocked that Helen has never been taught any manners.

c. She is determined to break Helen’s spirit in order to teach her language.

d. She has an aggressive teaching style that is out of control.

____ 195. According to Annie, a complication that slows Helen’s progress is

a. blindness c. her temper

b. deafness d. her family’s pity

____ 196. The Kellers allow Annie and Helen to live alone for two weeks because they

a. believe that their interference creates too many obstacles

b. trust Annie to care for Helen as they would

c. fear that Helen will otherwise have to enter an institution

d. need peace and quiet

____ 197. Flashbacks are used to suggest Annie’s inner conflict. That conflict deals with

a. uncertainty about whether she can work with Helen

b. disloyalty to the Perkins Institution for the Blind

c. anger toward God for her hardships

d. remorse about failing her brother

____ 198. What is the most important external conflict in Act Two?

a. Annie vs. Helen c. James Keller vs. himself

b. Captain Keller vs. himself d. Helen vs. Captain Keller

____ 199. Which of the following is an example of reversal of action?

a. Annie’s struggle to spell into Helen’s hand

b. Kate’s delight that Helen has folded her napkin

c. James’s speech about Helen’s intelligence

d. Captain Keller’s decision to allow Annie full control of Helen

____ 200. How has Kate Keller, a dynamic character, changed by the end of Act Two?

a. She wants Helen to have anything she desires.

b. She decides to fire Annie.

c. She gives up on the idea of disciplining Helen.

d. She understands that spoiling Helen does not help.

The Miracle Worker: Act Three

____ 201. At the beginning of Act Thre e , Annie’s feeling about teaching language to Helen is one of

a. amazement c. serenity

b. frustration d. defeat

____ 202. Why is Annie hesitant about Helen going back to the Kellers?

a. Annie fears that the Kellers will fire her because Helen has learned so much.

b. Annie does not want the Kellers involved in Helen’s learning.

c. Annie fears that the Kellers will not be consistent with their discipline.

d. Annie is the only one who can control Helen’s tantrums.

____ 203. What does Annie want from the Kellers?

a. more time alone with Helen

b. a paycheck

c. all locks removed from the doors

d. to take Helen back to Boston

____ 204. When the miracle finally happens, the action of the scene occurs

a. at the dining room table     c. in the garden house

b. at the water pump              d. on the front porch

____ 205. Which of the following is an example of symbolic action?

a. Annie writes in her journal.

b. Helen gives the keys to Annie.

c. Annie holds Helen’s hand.

d. Helen says the word water.

____ 206. In the subplot, the conflict between James and his father appears likely to be resolved when

a. Captain Keller says that James’s opinions are worthless

b. James teases Annie

c. James stands up to his father

d. Kate overcomes her resentment of James

____ 207. The climax of The Miracle Worker occurs when

a. Annie subdues Helen in the garden house

b. the Kellers agree to give Annie and Helen the garden house

c. Helen eats from her own plate with a spoon

d. Helen understands the sign for water

____ 208. What is one message or theme in the play?

a. People who expect too little will never be happy.

b. Without language, people are not capable of love.

c. Despite tremendous obstacles, love can make a difference.

d. Strangers should not interfere in family matters.


____ 209. Many plays are written about family situations because

a. families provide a positive subject and a happy ending

b. all families have conflicts, strong feelings, and relationships

c. most playwrights like to write about their own families

d. audiences don’t want to see plays about unfamiliar subjects

____ 210. The protagonist in a play is generally the character who

a. doesn’t get along with the other characters

b. doesn’t arouse the sympathy of the audience

c. is the first to appear on stage

d. drives the action of the play

____ 211. Which of the following elements is not part of a play’s exposition?

a. the climax and its resolution

b. the presentation of the characters and their basic situation

c. the foreshadowing of a conflict

d. the dramatic question

____ 212. In a play, when the protagonist encounters an obstacle,

a. the exposition begins

b. the climax begins

c. conflict occurs

d. the denouement occurs

____ 213. The tension and emotions of a play reach a peak during the

a. climax

b. exposition

c. complication

d. resolution

____ 214. Drama, in a sense, is a verb because it involves

a. thematic issues

b. struggle or action

c. plot developments

d. resolution

____215. Most playwrights write plays that are

a. strictly autobiographical and true

b. far removed from their life experiences

c. critical of the families in which they grew up

d. based on experience, observation, and imagination

____ 216. Audiences generally respond best to plays in which the characters

a. face extremely bizarre situations

b. are recognizable from real life

c. are from other countries

d. are comic or tragic

____ 217. A play told in a conventional way with a beginning, middle, and end uses

a. reverse chronology

b. circular style

c. linear style

d. flashback

____ 218. Although plays differ vastly from each other in characters, conflict, setting, and style, great drama always

a. makes the audience cry

b. reveals some important truths

c. communicates the details of a playwright’s life

d. creates characters that seem bizarre and larger than life


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