Monthly Archives: September 2008

ENDING YEAR PACKET

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ENDING PERIOD INFO

 

Dear students; at this point, the crushing time; it is really important that you submit the following assignments to prove evidence of the acquired knowledge during the first marking period.

 

1.  NOTEBOOK AND PORTFOLIO (CHECKLIST)

2.  WRITING PROJECT (FORMAT AND EVIDENCE OF YOUR GENERATING IDEAS WRITING TECHNIQUE (Drafting stage)

3.  PARTICIPATION TICKETS (TEAR OFF YOUR PAGE FROM THE NOTEBOOK-INCLUDE NAME, CLASS AND PERIOD)

 

Keep in mind not to jeopardize (put under risk) your grade for the 1st mp.

 

Due date: Friday, October 3rd before 3:00 pm

Look for me during recess, lunch time, class shifts or morning assembly.

 

 

 

PARENTS CITATION 2

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PARENTS AND TEACHERS INVOLVEMENT

 

Children need lots of people to be concerned about their future and active in their lives. For such reason it is really important to generate moments in our teaching- learning process that can favor the interaction and involvement of parents and teachers in their education.

 

As a homeroom teacher, it is vital to count on you this coming Thursday at the appointed time (refer to the citation that was sent with your daughter today) in our school facilities.

 

This would be a great opportunity that will offer not only a  reflection upon certain academic and disciplinary issues but also a sharing experience to come up with strategies that can foster and benefit your daughter´s overall performance.

 

If for any reason it is really difficult for you to attend, please give me a call at the school number.

 

I do really appreciate your commitment and prompt response.

 

Here is the list of the girls:

Daniela Moreno

Camila Gutierrez

Natalia Daza

Laura Reyes

Laura Hernandez

Delly Rodriguez

NOTEBOOK AND PORTFOLIO CHECKLIST

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Fundacion Gimnasio Los Portales

English Literature with Mr. MrTz

NOTEBOOK AND PORTFOLIO CHECKLIST

First Marking Period

2008-2009

Seventh Grade

 

Name: _______________ Class: ___ Date: ______

 

Reading Selection

Assignments

Nb

Pf

C

NC

 

1. Cover

 

 

 

 

 

2. Reading Strategies

 

 

 

 

 

“A SOUND OF THUNDER”

R. Bradbury

3. Content Evaluation

 

 

 

 

4. Practice and Application

 

 

 

 

5. Graphic Summary

 

 

 

 

6. Final Evaluation

 

 

 

 

 

“POISON”

R. Dahl

7. Content Evaluation

 

 

 

 

8. Practice and Application

 

 

 

 

9. Graphic Summary

 

 

 

 

10.            Final Evaluation

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL POINTS….

 

 

Symbols

Nb Notebook

Pf Portfolio

C Complete

NC Not Complete

Aspects that need Improvement:

 

Fundacion Gimnasio Los Portales

English Literature with Mr. MrTz

NOTEBOOK AND PORTFOLIO CHECKLIST

First Marking Period

2008-2009

Sixth Grade

 

Name: _______________ Class: ___ Date: ______

 

Reading Selection

Assignments

Nb

Pf

C

NC

 

1. Cover

 

 

 

 

 

2. Reading Strategies

 

 

 

 

 

“The Best School Year Ever”

B. Robinson

3. Content Evaluation

 

 

 

 

4. Practice and Application

 

 

 

 

5. Graphic Summary

 

 

 

 

6. Final Evaluation

 

 

 

 

       

“Number the Stars”

L. Lowry

7. Content Evaluation

 

 

 

 

8. Practice and Application

 

 

 

 

9. Graphic Summary

 

 

 

 

10.            Final Evaluation

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL POINTS….

 

 

Symbols

Nb Notebook

Pf Portfolio

C Complete

NC Not Complete

Aspects that need Improvement:

 

ANTHOLOGY OF WRITING GENRES- YOUR GRADE FOR THE 1ST MP

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Fundacion Gimnasio Los Portales

English Lit with Mr.MrTz

Anthology of Writing Genres

2008-2009

Name:__________Class:_______Date:____

Reading selection:____________________

Connection topic:_____________________

Title:________________________________

Type of writing:_______________________

Format:______________________________

Narrator:_____________________________

Generating ideas technique:____________

Whatever technique you have decided to begin with is accepted in terms that you provide evidence. (E.g. if you want to use freewriting, you will need to attach your free writing piece to the cardboard that was provided last class)

 

Your grade for the writing project of 1st MP will be based on the completion of this format and the evidence of the writing technique you will use in your writing task.

 

YEARLY WRITING PROJECT GUIDELINES

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YEARLY WRITING PROJECT GUIDELINES

GRADE SIX

First Marking Period

Instructions:

Students will decide which selection, topic, narrator and form they will use to write their first writing task.

Follow all the guidelines and advice from www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

Solicit feedback from your teacher

Use the cover page that is posted in the classrooms.

 

The Best School Year Ever”

Barbara Robinson

Connection: “The Most Influential Person In My Life”

“Number The Stars”

Lois Lowry

Connection. “My adventure”

Types of Writing and Forms of Discourse

Types of Writing and Forms of Discourse

     In Expressive writing you can narrate a personal experience with the person you most admire. Format: Personal Narration. Use first person point of view.  “I.”

     In Expressive writing you can narrate a personal adventure. Format: Personal Narration. Use first person point of view.  “I.”

     In Explanatory writing you may describe that person. Physically and in terms of personality. His/her hobbies, preferences, educational background, family, among others.  Pictures can be added. Format: Report, descriptive essay or biography. Use 3rd person point of view. Do not use “I”.

     In Explanatory writing you may describe people, locations, and time in which your adventure took place. You may want to use pictures, facts and other people´s experiences as support. Format: Report, travel guide, catalogue or newspaper-magazine article. Use 3rd person point of view. Do not use “I”.

     In persuasive writing, your position will be about positive and negative influences. What role do teachers and parents play in teenagers’ education? Explain and convince others why that person is influencing positively or negatively your life. Format: Argumentative essay. Use 1st person point of view. “I”

     In persuasive writing, your position will be about your adventure. Convince others to live it up or not to take such risk.  The good and the bad of your adventure.

Format: Argumentative essay. Use 1st person point of view. “I”

     In Creative writing you will write a story, create your own characters, plot, setting and theme. Format: Realistic fiction or non- fiction story.Screenplay, sketch, play,tv script or cartoon. Use 1st or 3rd person point of view

 

     In Creative writing you will write a story about an adventure. Create your own characters, plot, setting and theme.

Format: Realistic fiction, non- fiction or historical fiction story. Screenplay, sketch, play, tv script or cartoon. Use 1st or 3rd person point of view

 

CONSIDER THIS:

 

1.      Students should use all the vocabulary power words that were covered in both readings. The words must be BOLDFACED, LITERALIZED OR HIGHLIGHT in the writing work.

2.      Due date: Friday October 3rd 2008.

 

 

YEARLY WRITING PROJECT GUIDELINES

GRADE SEVEN

First Marking Period

Instructions:

Students will decide which selection, topic, narrator and form they will use to write their first writing task.

Follow all the guidelines and advice from www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

Solicit feedback from your teacher

Use the cover page that is posted in the classrooms.

 

A Sound of Thunder ”

Ray Bradbury

Connection: “Dinosaurs” “Time Machine”

“Cause- Effect””Future”

Poison”

Roald Dahl

Connection. “Hate” “Poison” “India” “Kraits”

Types of Writing and Forms of Discourse

Types of Writing and Forms of Discourse 

     In Expressive writing you can narrate a personal experience. Maybe you did something that affected your future. Causes and consequences of something you did to someone else. How did you react? What was the outcome of the conflict? Format: Personal Narration. Use first person point of view.  “I.”

     In Expressive writing you can narrate a personal experience. What internal and external conflicts have arisen? Have you ever felt hated by someone? have you ever hated someone? express your reactions, anecdotes.   Format: Personal Narration. Use first person point of view.  “I.”

     In Explanatory writing you present info about the connection topics. Search about dinosaurs, cause effect, Butterlfy Effect (movie) Time machines construction or life in the future. Pictures can be added. Format: Report, descriptive essay, newspaper or magazine   scientific article. Use 3rd person point of view. Do not use “I”.

     In Explanatory writing you may describe people under stress or panic. India facts.  Poison in terms of scientific approach, cure and treatment. Or hate from a psychological perspective. You may want to use pictures, facts and other people´s experiences as support. Format: Report, travel guide, catalogue, newspaper-magazine scientific article. Use 3rd person point of view. Do not use “I”.

     In persuasive writing, your position will be about the connection topics. Why is it important to play safe? Causes and consequences of our acts. Persuade others about thinking before acting. Format: Argumentative essay. Use 1st person point of view. “I”

     In persuasive writing, your position will be about one of the connection topics. Convince others to hate or not to hate, to visit India, to see how dangerous poison or venom is, or simply to have a Krait as a pet at home.

Format: Argumentative essay. Use 1st person point of view. “I”

     In creative writing you will write a story about the connection topics. Create your own characters, plot, setting and theme. Format: Science fiction, Realistic fiction, historical fiction or non- fiction story. Screenplay, sketch, play,  tv script or cartoon.Use 1st or 3rd person point of view.

 

     In creative writing you will write a story about one of the connection topics. “An adventure in India”, “I was bitten by a Krait” “Humans are the most venomous creatures in the world” Create your own characters, plot, setting and theme.

Format: Realistic fiction, non- fiction or historical fiction story. Screenplay, sketch, play, tv script or cartoon.Use 1st or 3rd person point of view.

 

CONSIDER THIS:

 

1.      Students should use all the words to own items that were covered in both readings. The words must be BOLDFACED, LITERALIZED OR HIGHLIGHT in the writing work.

2.      Due date: Friday October 3rd 2008.

 

 

YEARLY WRITING PROJECT-ANTHOLOGY OF WRITING GENRES

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YEARLY WRITING PROJECT

2008-2009

Simply Outrageous Secrets to Elaborating Your First Anthology of Writing Genres

Grades Six and Seven ABC

 

Dear Parents:

     During 2008-2009 your daughter will be introduced to the magic and amazing world of English Writing. Writing is putting thoughts and ideas in paper. Writing is stamping your fingerprint in history and making you to be a unique person. Writing is you and the casual encounter with your thoughts. “Writing is thinking in paper” W. Zinsser.

 

     But writing is a complicated process that not only requires many choices, finding a well-focused topic, discovering a reason from writing about it, choosing a format and then doing the writing with much as grace and style as the writer can muster, but also to know the different literary genres- realistic fiction, non-fiction, historical fiction, expository fiction, short story, poetry, autobiography, biography, fantasy, and novel.

 

     The writing Project for 2008 –2009 in grade six and seven ABC will be based either on  EXPRESSIVE, EXPLANATORY, PERSUASIVE or CREATIVE WRITING GENRES. And the forms of discourse will be:short story, essays, novels, cartoons, sketches, TV scripts, plays, poems, magazine articles, newspaper articles,  screenplays, autobiographies or biographies. And literary genres such as.Science fiction, Irony, Realistic fiction, Nonfiction, Historical fiction, and Expository Fiction. At the end of the school year, every student will present her masterpiece with two samples: one for the teacher to be assessed and returned to students and the other one for the school library to be read by the school community.

This anthology may or may not be a best seller, but it will be a pre-requisite for your daughter to be promoted in English Literature for the next level: grade seven or eight accordingly. And the due date will be Friday, June 20th, 2009.

 

Let´s begin with the basics

Some advice for aspiring writers:

     The first advice is to keep a writing journal. A writing journal is a notebook or notepad in which you collect materials for developing your ideas. Jot down daily experiences that may enrich your topic. Students will use the journal as a warehouse of their thoughts and ideas on specific issues.

     You should also understand that you belong to a community of writers, so you may find it helpful to discuss your ideas with family and friends, to let your teacher scan your first drafts, and to solicit feedback from your fellow students.

     A final piece of advice is to complete each stage of the writing process conscientiously and without undo haste. The stages are:

 

1.     Generating ideas.

2.     drafting

3.     revising and

4.     editing, polishing and submitting the manuscript.

     The first two stages are discussed in detail in the sections that follow. Good luck, perhaps when the school year is over you will be able to take pride in your writing masterpiece, which will be a collection of your best works. Writing and publishing your own book will give you status in the school community. The last two stages will be covered in upcoming classes and documents.

 

GENERATING IDEAS: Brainstorming

     Finding a topic for writing is no easy task. You must start with a general subject, generate ideas about it. And then narrow the focus of it to fit your point of view. Even if your teacher suggests a topic, for example “The family” or “The Most Influential Person in my Life” you must generate ideas to find your own focus and format for that topic.

     One good strategy for generating ideas is to develop a list of words about a topic that interests you, then select one item from the list as the primary issue that will be your subject. Other item on the list might serve as subtopics.

     Example:  A student can write “The Most Influential Person in My Life” and she begins developing a list based on things or people that can influence others to make decisions and somehow shape their lives.

Things or people that influence persons:

LISTING KEY WORDS

Peers

Family(parents, grandparents, siblings)

Teachers

Media (Radio, TV, press)

Music (Pop stars)

Neighbours

Friends

With this brief list, the student could begin making choices. She could write on one person or use the list as a preliminary outline for writing about all of them.

 

CLUSTERING: MAPPING OUT- WEBS OR THINKING MAPS

     Another technique for finding and developing your topic is the cluster (web), which is a chart of related topics and subtopics. First, write your topic in the centre of a sheet of paper and draw a circle around it. Then jot down related ideas, circle them and draw connecting lines to the main topic. Each major circle should have its own set of satellite subtopics, as shown in this example:

 

CLUSTER OR WEB: The Most Influential Person in my Life.

sports

music

date and place of birth

political affiliation

The most Influential Person in My Life.

description

actions and successes

likes and dislikes

biography

nationality

profession

physical

personality

labor

sports

academic

Most important aspects of his-her life.

trips

eating habits

hobbies

health

famous people he –she has ever met.

plans

family roots

numberss

fears

treasure possessions

secrets

adventuress

religion affiliation

books

movies

food

 

 I do really apologize for the cluster. THIS IS NOT WHAT I HAVE EXPECTED.

 Clustering helps students connect their main topic to five subtopics (likes and dislikes, description, biography…) and to the satellite subtopics (movies, food, secrets, sports…)

 

 

ASKING QUESTIONS:

 

     Well another useful strategy to generate ideas is to ask yourself a set of questions about your topic. Even if you cannot answer all of them, the questions alone will help you generate ideas. To start, use the questions typically used by journalists. Who? What? Where? Why? And How?

1.     Who is the most influential person in your life?

2.     Why is he or she the most influential person in your life?

3.     In what moments have you felt that person influencing your life?

4.     Where did you meet that person?

5.     In what places has that person influenced your life?

6.     How did that person influence your life? What actions?

7.     What does she/he look like? (Physical appearance)

8.     What is she or he like? (Personality)

9.     How is his/ her  nucleus family?

10.                       What is his/her favorite music, food, color..?

11.                       What are his/her ambitions and plans?

 

     You can use a different set of questions to help analyze that person. It is important to note that as many questions you can get as much information you can obtain. Do not limit your questionnaire to the 11 listed questions. Include more questions that you consider necessary to know more about your target objective.

 

FREEWRITING:

 

     It is similar to writing a rough draft except for one thing: It is uncontrolled and spontaneous. Therefore, in your journal, begin a freewheeling, nonstop period of writing for five or ten minutes. Let ideas come tumbling out without concern for form, style or correctness. Introduce your topic with an attention grabber. Lines that could captivate the reader´s mind. Let´s see how Monica could start her freewriting.

 

 

          And she said to the doctors that it was her first baby. A long, black and shiny hair girl was born to her hands. She held the baby for a few seconds before her newborn was taken to the next pavilion where immature babies were taken for meticulous care. Her voice trembled and she had to make a big effort to swallow the antibiotics, the analgesics and the tranquilizing pills, then she put her head on the pillow when the nurse brought  her a colorful mug in which she made her finger curves to hold it, drank the water and left a residue. She was patient like the lighthouse waiting for the ships coming from the north in a tempest. She was relaxed not for worry but for such exhausting earlier labor experience. Is she alright? She asked? Yes, she is. A nurse writing a medical note responded. Don`t worry, she will be alright. The baby was safe and observed with careful and protective eyes. Doctors and nurses passed by and the baby’s gestures and giggles captivated them.

 

     That was the first story I heard from my mom, the most influential person in my life. My mom is the most imaginative, affectionate and loveliest person in the world. She makes me feel I can do it; she charms my nights with bed stories that recreate my spirit and incite me to explore a life in my dreams. Nights become shorter and I feel protected in her arms when she comes and pays me a visit.  I know she has gone through a very hard life but such moments have endured her self-determination and attitude.

 

      My mom is full of secrets, plans, ambitions, self determination and charisma that make her to be the center of our family reunions. She dreams about seeing in her daughter a professional with high values and educational level.  Sometimes it is hard for her to share her secrets, she always says if a secret is revealed, it will not come true. Her major ambition is to travel to somewhere she only knows with dad, a place where they can take a break and rejuvenate their spirits to keep on scratching their lives.

 

One day in the farm, she grabbed my arm and took me to her furtive space. There, closing the door without being noticed she gave a look and told me that …..

 

This freewriting can help you draft one character sketch. It is convenient to use lots dialogues to make the story more vivid and attractive.

 

Freewriting techniques:

 

1.     Begin with a subject of interest to you and write whatever comes into your mind. If you think it…ink it!

2.     Write quickly for five or ten minutes without pausing to judge, edit, or reflect on your sentences.

3.     Explore any aspect of the topic from any conceivable point of view.

4.     Switch to different topics if you go blank so that you continue to write without stopping. Change the color of the pen if necessary!

 

CLIPPINGS:

 

     You may also find useful to search newspaper and magazines for articles, columns, cartoons, and editorials on your subject. If the magazine belongs to you, clip out the interesting material to paste in your journal, otherwise make a photocopy of the material to paste in your journal. Always make a note of the name of the author, the title, and page numbers of the article, the name and location of the publisher, and the year of publication. That way, if you decide to quote from the clippings, you will be able to cite the sources properly.

 

     Monica will find a helpful drawing of a family reunion. Another student will find useful to get some pictures of “king of the Hill”, “Dad”, “The Simpsons” or even “Family Monster” Tv series. Some others will find useful family or heroic parents stories, or how famous families live. They will compare and contrast their own family values and roots to the cited sources.

 Strategies for generating ideas:

     Finally, there are several methods for generating ideas outside the journal. Reflect during quiet moments about your subject, recall images and ideas, and make associations between your personal life and the subject at hand.

    

     By recalling images of the past and by reflecting on how things might be, you can sharpen your thinking on a topic. Another way to discover ideas is to discuss your topic with friends, teachers, family members and others. Sometimes a teacher will encourage brainstorming sessions in which several students sit together and share ideas. You may want to conduct an interview with a knowledgeable person. If time permits, read a story, newspaper report, or magazine article, and watch a movie on your subject.

 

NARROWING THE TOPIC

 

     To narrow your topic to explore a particular angle, write a proposal in your journal that identifies these ingredients:

·        Your subject

·        Your purpose or reason for writing, and

·        Your target audience.

 Here is how one student could develop her writing proposal to narrow her topic.

 

     I want to focus on the most influential person in my life because all decisions that I make are influenced by my family members. One day I was in a very difficult and awkward situation, I didn´t know how to react at that time, but when I thought about how my mother could do it, the outcome was satisfactory for me. She always gives me advice about how to face difficult situations in my life. I think that people can influence you positively or negatively. Each one is responsible for his/her acts.  Teenagers should have someone around to influence positively in order to avoid upcoming and unmanageable consequences.

 

This proposal establishes:

Ø Her subject

Ø Her purpose or reason for writing

Ø A target audience

Ø A descriptive format.

     This proposal is drawn upon personal experience. You as a writer may find it helpful to develop a writing proposal that outlines your narrow focus and establishes your voice and version of the experience at the heart of your writing piece.

 

DEVELOPING A PRELIMINARY THESIS SENTENCE

 

     Almost all pieces of writing have an expressed or implied thesis, which is a theory or opinion about the narrowed topic. Your thesis is the special idea that you want to share with the reader or an issue that you want to explore in depth.

 

Developing a thesis sentence

To develop a preliminary thesis sentence, use your journal to consider answer for three questions:

1.     How do you feel about the topic?

2.     What aspect will interest somebody else?

3.     What is the issue?

 

 

 

The thesis sentence for the most influential person in my life would be:

 

People are influenced on a daily basis either positively and negatively. People need to know and carefully select the people to hang around. Family members and teachers are a key in teenagers’ education. Young people are in a psychological and physical stage of vulnerability that requires positive and exemplary role models in the society.

 

 

     So far, your preliminary journal writing has been spontaneous. You have identified key words, discovered ideas and issues, and framed a working thesis. Now you must make additional choices so that your first draft will be complete.

Preplanning requires two steps:

1.     You have to choose an appropriate form.

2.     You need to organize the material to fit the form.

 

     Form is the framework you choose for communicating your message, such as a personal letter, a poem, or a memo. The word “composition” is like an umbrella: it covers many possible forms. Therefore, it is suggested that you make two decisions: which type of writing you will develop and which form best fits your purpose and your thesis sentence.

 

Your writing work may be in the following categories:

 

EXPRESSIVE WRITING:

     In Expressive writing your thesis sentence introduces your feelings about a key event or episode in your life, which you will further develop through reminiscence, meditation, or personal narration. You will want to share your private exploration of where, when, and what happened, who was involved, and why it was important. Because you are a central player in the experience you are describing, you should feel free to use “I.”

 

     You may choose to write an entire writing piece that explores one event in your life, or you may want to use a brief anecdote from your life to introduce or conclude an expressive manuscript. You can organize chronologically, by going from the beginning of the episode to the end, or you may decide to begin at a crucial moment in the episode and then use flashbacks to provide necessary background.

 

     It is often important in expressive writing to provide a description of the scene and to use dialogue to show the emotions and thoughts of the various people involved. You should use action and dialogue to advance the narration so that you are showing rather than just telling what happened. In concluding an expressive writing, you should imply or openly express why his episode or event made such a strong impression on you.

 

EXPLANATORY WRITING:

     Explanatory writing is informative writing, so the thesis sentence introduces the subject you are going to describe, interpret, or analyze. In writing an explanatory piece, you need to focus primarily on the subject, not your personal feelings or experiences, so you should avoid using “I.”

 

     In your opening, focus on defining and describing the subject. Then, provide practical and precise facts about the subject. You can use explanatory writing to describe, explain, and interpret your subject, provide historical background; and describe memorable characters; classify parts of your subject and analyze each one. You may also need to use definition, description comparison and contrast, examples, and other methods to explain the complexity of your subject.

 

Types and Forms of Discourse

Type

Purpose

Tone

Form

Expressive Writing

discloses

personal feelings

exploratory

spontaneous

freewheeling

reflective

journal

freewriting personal

narration

reminiscence

meditation

private letter

opinion paper

Explanatory Writing

communicates basic ideas, information,

how-to and

process

practical,

direct,

informative,

functional

 

report

research paper

biography

how to essay

process essay

history

analysis

Persuasive Writing

influences others to change opinions and behaviors

aggressive, forceful

articulate

intensive

argumentative essay

letter to the editor

advertisement

political pamphlet

poster

speech

sermon

Creative Writing

explores interest in language, symbolism, and imaginative characters and plots

inventive,

imaginative,

experimental

story

poem

play

sketch

screenplay

television script

Adapted by Mr.MrTz from: Lester and Lester –Style and Grammar- Scott Foresman 1995.

 

 

 

PERSUASIVE WRITING:

     In persuasive writing, the thesis sentence sets forth the primary argument with which you hope to encourage your readers to change their behaviors or opinions. Your argument will focus your reader´s attention on the evidence that supports your position. In opening your persuasive paragraph or essay, focus on your cause-defining it and establishing its importance. Then defend your position, suggests the consequences of ignoring your recommendation, and give enough details to reach their decisions. You should also anticipate opposition and offer reasons why your position is the most sensible one. In concluding, you should simply reaffirm your answer, solution, or recommendation.

 

CREATIVE WRITING:

     In creative writing, your spontaneity will prompt you to write a story, a poem, a play, or some other imaginative work that usually features an implied thesis. In writing creatively, you have the freedom to create interesting characters, imaginative scenes, and dramatic plots. However; creative writing isn´t just about making up stories; you will best serve your reader if your creative writing addresses a central issue or theme about life.

 

     Your most important role in creative writing is as the narrator. You may choose to use the third- person point- of- view and speak as an outside observer of the action, or you may want to use first-person point-of-view and speak through one of your characters.

 

     Creative writing generally requires specific forms. For example, short stories usually feature a chronological description of the action with appropriate flashbacks to set the scene. Figurative language such as metaphors, similes, personifications, allegories, and hyperboles are essentially required to offer a more vivid spectrum of the descriptions.

 

     Once you have been introduced to the four categories of writing, and the forms of discourse for your writing project 2008-2009, it is time now to start deciding the angle of your work. Let your teacher know the following information: 

 

Stage

Complete

Not complete

GENERATING IDEAS

Brainstorming

Listing key words

 

 

Clustering

 

 

Asking questions

 

 

Freewriting

 

 

Clippings

 

 

DRAFTING

Narrowing the topic

Writing your proposal

 

 

Thesis sentence

 

 

Type of writing

 

 

Forms of discourse

 

 

 

 Here is an example of a comparison and contrast essay about two writing genres: Academic Writing and Creative Writing.

 

Academic Writing vs. Creative Writing; ‘What is Known’ vs. ‘What May Be Thought’

By Mr.MrTz

     Literacy lies beneath reading and writing. “Writing is thinking in paper” Zinsser. Writing is the ability to put thoughts in paper. Some people write for passion or hobby others for work or study. Some writers´ main purpose is to express their thoughts, feelings and emotions through their poetic way; whilst others prefer to convey information that is factually based and objectively presented on a particular topic, and they use their prosaic style to present it. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the differences between academic writing and creative writing. The seven main differences are forms of discourse, audience, point of view, purpose, register, tone and foundation.

 

     The most notable difference between these two kinds of genres is their forms of discourse. Creative writing focuses on creative fiction mainly short stories, and novels. Writers in this genre use figurative language such as metaphors, similes, hyperboles and personifications to make their works more vivid and descriptive. Their characters, setting and plots are imaginative and they feel freedom in terms of expressing their ideas. They create their unique style of elaborating their stories that may interest their potential readers. In contrast, the heart of the academic writing is the creation of “new knowledge” via a review of what is known about a given topic. The academic writers´ new views and perspectives on the topic are seeing from an authoritative point of view. Research projects, processes, analysis, and communication of new ideas are the final products of the writers whose target readers are in most of the cases scholars that share the same interest in the topic.

 

     Comparing both types of genres it is evident another difference. Creative writing papers could be written in first person point of view or third person point of view. “I” is commobly used in the lines.On the other hand academic papers are always written in third person point of view. Writers should avoid “I”. Academic Writing must be objective; the focus is not on the writer, but on the topic and ideas of the paper; but in creative writing the author takes an important role- the narrator and he/she serves the reader if the creative writing tackles a central issue about life.

 

     Academic writing avoids abbreviation and slang. The focus is clear; formal- register language is unambiguous. Therefore one should write out numbers, currency designators, and units of measurement in full. Although creative writing opens the door of the imagination; idioms, vernacular language, abbreviations, contractions are permitted in terms of maintaining the correctness in grammar and structure.

 

     The basis in academic writing is the documented review of what is currently known about the topic. On this foundation the author constructs his/her perspective of the topic. Previous scholars’ writing papers, details and literature reviews are the main platform of the academic writing; however, in creative writing, the main sources are the living experiences of the writers. They filter the surroundings and internalize the environment. Their anecdotes, flashbacks, connections to the topic and conflicts feature their creative writing pieces.  

 

     Yet another difference between these two types of genres is the tone. While in academic writing the tone is convergent, practical, informative and functional, in creative writing the tone is divergent, inventive, imaginative and experimental. In academic writing, convergent reasoning plays an important role. It is realistic, objective and factual. In creative writing, divergent reasoning is depicted as resourceful, risk-taking and unexpected.

 

     Here are the main seven differences between academic writing and creative writing. As we can see it comes down to a personal choice, based on the motive each person has or wants to write, the importance and desire he/she gives to his/her writing. Therefore it is important that people consider their characteristics and choose the best genre for catering their audience and accomplish their objectives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

 

Lester and Lester (1994) Style and Grammar, Scott Foresman, chapter one.